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Julio GONZÁLEZ

(1876 - 1942)


A Spanish sculptor connected with the Cubist and Surrealist movements as well as with Abstraction His father, a lover of sculpture, sensitised him to the secrets of metallurgy. He worked in the family workshop and with his brother Joan attended evening courses in the Academy of Fine Arts in Barcelona. In 1900 the brothers set off for Paris and Montparnasse, after the death of their father. There they met Picasso and the Spanish sculptor Pablo Gargallo, who would have a profound influence on the continuation of Julio’s career in art. Welding techniques would be the decisive process in his work. He exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in 1907 and1908 when he was going through the painful period of the death of his brother in 1908, when he ceased working. Little by little he abandoned painting to devote himself to metal sculptures. The culminating period of his art was in the 1930s, when he did large iron sculptures of uncommon forms, stylised, in the air and balanced with the space. These linear works derive from the concept of drawing in space that Gonzalez worked out during his collaboration with Picasso between 1928 and 1932. Later he developed a series of heads, inspired by medieval sculpture. Julio González died in 1942. He had developed an original oeuvre that brought materials and techniques that had previously been reserved for the simple production of utilitarian objects into the area of the fine arts. He would have a decisive impact on artists like Chillida, Tinguely and César. An amazing sequence of drawings of faces, figures and masks shows his interest in primitive art. The influence of these early arts is reflected in the treatment and composition of the sculptures presented in Zagreb.

 

 

Personnage deboutPersonnage deboutVisage de femme coloréLa récolte
Personnage debout, c. 1932-1935

Fer
128 x 69 x 40 cm
Collection de la Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul de Vence

Cette sculpture est un don de Roberta Gonzalez en 1972 à la Fondation Maeght, ainsi que deux autres sculptures et un ensemble de 50 dessins.
Visage de femme coloré, 1936 [3 novembre]

Aquarelle sur papier
33,5 x 21,5 cm
Don de Roberta Gonzalez
Collection de la Fondation Maeght
La récolte, 1920

Pastel sur papier
34 x 26 cm
Don de Roberta Gonzalez
Collection de la Fondation Maeght